We also took our study one step further by analyzing decade-long gender pay gap changes on a state and city level to find out where the gap has been shrinking the most.
For 664 cities and all 50 states plus Washington D.C., we tracked how the gender pay gap has changed over nearly a full decade and ranked the places accordingly.
Nationwide change in gender pay gap
The following chart displays how the national gender pay gap changed from 2010 to 2018 based on yearly median earnings for full-time, year-round workers data from the U.S. Census Bureau.
You will notice that the 2018 gender pay gap percentage found below is different from the aforementioned 18.90% found in the intro. This is because the latter percentage comes from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and is based on median weekly earnings, whereas the data below comes from the U.S. Census Bureau and is based on median yearly earnings.
Based on the two-gender pay gap percentages found by hovering over the orange dots in the chart above, the gender pay gap in the U.S. shrunk by 2.14 percentage points from 2010 to 2018.
Change in gender pay gap by city
The following table displays how the gender pay gap changed from 2010 to 2018 for 664 cities according to U.S. Census Bureau data based on yearly median earnings by city and gender for full time, year-round workers.
A larger gender pay gap percentage was indicative of a larger gap between male and female earnings. The last column shows the raw change in gender pay gap percentages. The more negative the number, the more the gap shrunk from 2010 to 2018.
For example, the gender pay gap in Kerrville, Texas shrunk by 20.59 percentage points, which was the most considerable shrinking amongst all analyzed cities.
To be included in this section, a city had to have yearly median earnings data for both 2010 and 2018, in addition to having at least 20,000 residents above the age of 16 with earnings for both years. To find all the cities included from a specific state and to see how they ranked against each other, you can either sort the table according to the state column or type the desired state’s abbreviation into the search bar.
You can also see which cities had the smallest gender pay gaps from either year, regardless of change, by sorting either gender pay gap column in ascending order.
Change in gender pay gap by state
The following table and map both feature the same analysis found above, except this time we tracked how the gender pay gap has changed in all 50 states and Washington D.C. from 2010 to 2018.
As a table
As a map
All data in this report comes from the U.S. Census Bureau. The yearly median earnings for full-time, year-round workers data for each state and Washington D.C., each metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area, and the U.S. as a whole country, was pulled to complete the analysis. Two datasets found within the U.S. Census Bureau, the five-year American Community Survey from 2010 and the five-year American Community Survey from 2018, were pulled for this analysis. For any metropolitan or micropolitan statistical area to be included in this report, it had to have yearly median earnings for full-time, year-round workers data from each year, in addition to having at least 20,000 residents above the age of 16 with earnings for both years.
To complete the analysis, a respective city’s or state’s yearly median earnings data for both males and females from both 2010 and 2018 was pulled. To find the gender pay gap for each year, the following equation was used:
Gender Pay Gap = (Male Earnings – Female Earnings) / (Male Earnings)
Once that was completed for each location for both 2010 and 2018, the 2010 gender pay gap percentage was subtracted from the 2018 gender pay gap percentage to find the raw change in gender pay gap. A more negative value was indicative of the gender pay gap tightening, while a more positive (or less negative) value was indicative of the gender pay gap growing farther apart.
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